Split ends, dandruff, and dry, itchy scalp are common problems that can detract from the otherwise healthy hair. In most cases such problems can be overcome by giving the appropriate treatment.
Dandruff consists of scaly particles with an oily sheen that lie close to the hair root. This condition should not be confused with a flaky scalp.
Causes Poor diet, sluggish metabolism, stress, a hormonal imbalance, and sometimes infection. These conditions produce increased cell renewal on the scalp, which is often associated with an increase in sebum. The scales will absorb the excess oil, but if the problem is untreated it will become worse.
Solutions Rethink your diet and lifestyle. Learn relaxation techniques if the problem appears to be caused by stress. Brush the hair before shampooing and scrupulously wash combs and brushes. Always choose a mild shampoo with an antidandruff action that gently loosens scales and helps prevent new ones. Follow with a treatment lotion, massaged into the scalp using the fingertips. The treatment must be used regularly if it is to be effective. Avoid excessive use of heat stylers. If the dandruff persists, consult your family doctor or trichologist.
Flaky/itchy scalp produces tiny white pieces of dead skin that flake off the scalp and are usually first noticed on the shoulders. This condition can often be confused with dandruff but two are not related. Sometimes the scalp is red or itchy and feels tense. The hair has a dull appearance.
Causes Hereditary traits, stress, insufficient rinsing shampoo, vitamin imbalance, pollution, air conditioning and central heating.
Solutions Choose a moisturizing shampoo and conditioner with herbal extracts to help soothe and remoisturize the scalp.
Fine Hair tends to be limp, looks flat, and is difficult to style because it does not hold a style.
Causes The texture is hereditary, but the problem is often made worse by using too heavy a conditioner, which weighs the hair down. Excessive use of styling products can have the same effect.
Solutions Wash hair frequently with a mild cleanser and use a light conditioner. Volumizing shampoos can help give body, and soft perms will make hair appear thicker.
Frizzy Hair results from the merest hint of rain or other moisture being absorbed into the hair. It looks dry, lacks lustre, and is difficult to control.